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Lent - Cuaresma

From Ash Wednesday to Easter Sunday
40 days
(if you exclude the Sundays)

Our Holy Father gives us a Lenten message each year. Included also in this section are our Papas fab catecheses and homilies on Ash Wednesday, plus their words at the Sunday Angelus.

On the 1st Sunday of Lent 1979 Pope St John Paul II gave us his first encyclical - Redemptor Hominis, the Redeemer of Man. He also gave 4 Lenten catecheses on prayer, fasting, almsgiving & solidarity.

Catechesis with St John Paul II on Prayer      

"Prayer is the way of the Verb who embraces everything. The way of the eternal Verb who traverses the depth of so many hearts; who leads back to the Father all that which in Him has its origin. Prayer is the sacrifice of our lips (cf Heb 13, 15). It is, as St Ignatius of Antioch writes, "Living water that murmurs within us and says: come to the Father."

Catechesis with Benedict XVI on the Temptations of Jesus      

".. In this time of Lent, we renew our commitment on the pathway of conversion, so as to overcome the tendency to close in on ourselves and to make, instead, space for God, looking with his eyes at daily reality. The alternative between the closing in of our egoism and the opening to the love of God and others, we could say corresponds to the alternatives of the temptations of Jesus: the alternative, that is, between human power and love of the Cross, between a redemption viewed solely on material well-being and a redemption as the work of God, to whom we give the primacy in existence."

3 2us by Fr Francis Selman on Lent       & on the Transfiguration   
Evangelium by Fr Andrew Pinsent on Penance     

Messages by Pope Saint John Paul II:

Lent 2005 - "Loving the Lord.. means life to you, and length of days"

Lent 2004 - “Anyone who welcomes a little child like this in my name welcomes me”


Lent 2003 - "There is more happiness in giving than in receiving"

Lent 2002 - “Freely you have received, freely give”

Lent 2001 - "Love is not resentful"

Lent in the Jubilee 2000 - "I am with you always, to the end of time"

Lent 1999 - The Lord will prepare a banquet for all peoples

Lent 1998 - Come, 0 blessed of my Father, for I was poor, marginalized and you welcomed me!

Lent 1997 - "Come, O blessed of my Father, for I was homeless and you took me in"

Lent 1996 - "Give them something to eat"

Lent 1995 - "The Spirit of the Lord... has anointed me to preach the good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim... recovery of sight to the blind."

Lent 1994 - "The family is at the service of charity, charity is at the service of the family"

Lent 1993 - Meditate upon the word of life which Christ left to his Church in order to enlighten the journey of each of her members

Lent 1992 - "Called to share the table of creation"

Lent 1991 - “As you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me” 

Lent 1990 - “I was a stranger and you welcomed me… I was a stranger and you did not welcome me”

Lent 1989 - “Give us this day our daily bread”

Lent 1988 - “Is not this the fast that I choose… to share your bread with the hungry, and bring the homeless poor into your house?”

Lent 1987 - “He has filled the hungry with good things, and has sent the rich away empty”

Lent 1986 - “Through love be servants of one another”

1985 - “Let all that you do be done in love… The grace of the Lord Jesus will be with you"

1984 - “When the Son of man comes in his glory…, he will say… ‘Come O blessed of my Father… for I was hungry and you gave me food…’”

1983 - “And all who believed where together and had all things in common; and they sold their possessions and goods and distributed them to all, as any had need”

1982 - “Who is my neighbour?”

1981 - “Whoever does not bear his own cross and come after me cannot be my disciple”

1980 - “For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also”

1979 - “What has become of Lent?”      

Messages by Blessed Pope Paul VI:

Lent 1978 - “Those who believed shared all things in common”      

Lent 1977 - the “acceptable time” for us to prepare to celebrate worthily the Paschal Mystery

Lent 1976 - “We beg once again not to neglect the grace of God”

Lent 1975 - “The poor you always have with you”

Lent 1974 - A “break” which is demanded by the spirit of Lent

Lent 1973 - “This, rather, is the fasting that I wish: … sharing your bread with the hungry, sheltering the oppressed and the homeless; clothing the naked when you see them, and not turning your back on your own”

Catechesis by Pope St John Paul II on Solidarity
General Audience, Wednesday 11 April 1979 - in English, French, Italian, Portuguese & Spanish

"1. During Lent, the Church, referring to the words of Christ, to the teaching of the Old Testament prophets, and to her own centuries-old tradition, urges us to particular solidarity with all those who are suffering and experiencing, in any way, poverty, want, injustice, persecution. We spoke about it last Wednesday, continuing our Lenten reflections on the present-day meaning of penitence, which is expressed through prayer, fasting, and almsdeeds. The exhortation to solidarity, on behalf of Christ, with all the tribulations and necessities of our brothers, and not only with those who enter the radius of our eye and our hand, but with all, even with the cries of tormented souls and bodies, is almost the very essence of living spiritually the period of Lent in the existence of the Church. In the last week of Lent — after this preparation (and only after it!) — the Church exhorts us to special and exceptional solidarity with suffering Christ himself. Although awareness of Christ's passion accompanies us throughout all the weeks of this period, this week alone, however, unique in the full sense of the word, is the week of the Lord's Passion. It is Holy Week. The call to special and exceptional solidarity with suffering Christ is felt towards the end of the Lenten period. It is felt when the attitude of spiritual conversion, and especially the sense of solidarity with all our suffering brothers, has already matured in us. This corresponds to the logic of the revelation: love of God is the first and greatest commandment, but it cannot be fulfilled outside love of man. It cannot be fulfilled without it.

2. At the same time the deepest and most powerful impulses of love must spring from this Week, in which we are called to a special and exceptional, solidarity with Christ, in his passion and death on the Cross. "For God so loved the world"—man in the world—"that he gave his only Son" (Jn 3:16). He gave him to suffering and death. Contemplating this revelation of love, which starts from God and goes towards man in the world, we cannot stop, but must take "the way back": the way of the human heart which goes towards God, the way of love. Lent — and above all Holy Week — must be, in every year of our life in the Church, a new beginning of this "way of love". Lent is identified, as we see, with the culminating point of the revelation of God's love for man.

Therefore the Church exhorts us to linger in a quite, special and exceptional way beside Christ, alone near him. She exhorts us to endeavour—like St Paul—(at least in this week) to "Know nothing... except Jesus Christ and him crucified" (1 Cor 2:2). The Church addresses this exhortation to everyone: not just to the whole community of believers to all followers of Christ, but also to all the others. To stop before Christ who is suffering, to find solidarity with him in oneself again—this is the duty and need of every human heart, this is the verification of human sensitivity. Man's nobility is manifested in this. Holy Week is therefore the time of the Church's greatest opening to humanity and at the same time the peak time of evangelization: through everything that the Church thinks and says of Christ in these days, through the way in which she lives his passion and death, through her solidarity with him, the Church returns, year after year, to the very roots of her mission and her proclamation of salvation. And if in this Holy Week the Church, more than speaking, is silent, she does so in order that Christ himself can speak all the more. That Christ whom Pope Paul VI called "the very first and the greatest evangelizer" (cf. Evangelii Nuntiandi, 7).

3. Evangelization is carried out with the help of words. And just the words spoken by Christ during his passion have an enormous force of expression. It can also be said that they are a place for a special meeting with every man; they are the opportunity and the reason to manifest great solidarity. How often do we return to what the Evangelists recorded as the guiding thread of Christ's prayer in the garden of Olives? "My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me" (Mt 26:39). Does not every man say so? Does not every man feel like this in suffering, in tribulation, before the cross?: "Let it pass from me..." How much deep human truth is contained in this sentence! Christ, as a real man, felt aversion to suffering: "He began to be sorrowful and troubled" (Mt 26:37) and said: "Let it pass from me..."; let it not come, let it not reach me! It is necessary to accept the whole human expression, the whole human truth of these words, in order to be able to unite them with those of Christ: "If it is possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt!" (Mt 26:39). Every man, confronted by suffering, is faced with a challenge... Is this only a challenge of fate? Christ gives the answer, saying: "As thou wilt". He does not address fate, a "blind fate". He speaks to God. To the Father. Sometimes this answer is not enough for us, because it is not the last word, but the first. We cannot understand either Gethsemane or Calvary unless in the context of the whole paschal event. Of the whole mystery.

4. In the words of Christ's passion there is a particularly intense meeting of the "human" with the "divine". The Gethsemane words already show this. Later on Christ will rather be silent. He will say a sentence to Judas. Then to those brought by Judas to the garden of Gethsemane to arrest Him. Then again to Peter. Before the Sanhedrin he does not defend himself, but bears witness. And so also before Pilate. Before Herod, on the other hand, "he made no answer" (Lk 23:9). During the infliction of the sentence, the words of Isaiah come true: "like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth" (Is 53:7). His last words fall from the cross. They can be explained as a whole by the course of the event, by the horrible torture and, at the same time, through them, in spite of their brevity and conciseness, there appears what is "divine" and "salvific". We feel the "salvific" significance of the words addressed to his Mother, to John, to the good thief, as also the words referring to the crucifiers. The last words addressed to the Father are overwhelming: the last echo and at the same time almost the continuation of the Gethsemane prayer. Christ says: "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Mt 27:46), repeating the Psalmist's words (cf. Psalm 21 (22) 1). At Gethsemane he had said: "If it be possible, let this cup pass from me" (Mt 26:39). And now, from the cross, he has publicly confirmed that the "cup" has not been removed, that he must drink it to the dregs. Such is the Father's will. In fact, this last word: "It is finished" (Jn 19:30) is an echo of the Gethsemane prayer. And, finally, only these: "Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit" (Lk 23:46).

Christ's agony. First the moral agony at Gethsemane. Then the agony, at once moral and physical, on the cross. No one has expressed so deeply as Christ the human torment of dying, just because he was the Son of God; because in him the "human" and the "divine" constituted a mysterious unity. Therefore also those words of Christ's passion, so penetratingly human, will remain for ever a revelation of the "divinity" which in Christ is bound up with humanity, in the fullness of personal unity. It can be said: the death of God-Man was necessary, in order that we, heirs to original sin, might see what the drama in man's death is.

In this Holy Week, we must arrive at a special solidarity with suffering, crucified and dying Christ, in order to find again in our lives the closeness of what is "divine" and what is "human". God decided to speak to us with the language of love which is stronger than death.

Let us welcome this message."

Ai giovani

"Mi rivolgo ora, in modo particolare, a voi ragazzi e ragazze, adolescenti e giovani, che vedo così festanti e numerosi, come sempre a questa udienza. Vi saluto con profondo affetto e vi ringrazio per la vostra presenza, piena di vita e di entusiasmo. E insieme con voi, intendo salutare e ringraziare i vostri genitori e i vostri insegnanti. Siamo nella Settimana santa e meditiamo la passione di Gesù, che si risolverà con la sua risurrezione gloriosa; e perciò possiamo anche dire di essere nella “Settimana della speranza”.

Il mondo di oggi ha bisogno di speranza, è sempre più alla drammatica ricerca della “speranza che non delude”. Tocca a voi, cari giovani, di essere nel mondo moderno i messaggeri della vera speranza che è Cristo. Ognuno di voi dica a se stesso: voglio essere un apostolo della speranza! Con questi voti, giunga a voi tutti il mio augurio più affettuoso e la mia benedizione apostolica."

Agli infermi

"In questo incontro della Settimana santa, voglio soprattutto salutare i malati e i sofferenti, quelli che sono in questa piazza e quelli – tutti carissimi al mio cuore – che vivono, in gran numero e spesso in solitudine, sulla faccia della terra. Su di essi posa il suo sguardo Gesù paziente, Gesù crocifisso, per infondere conforto e coraggio, per rendere preziosa la loro croce, non solo per la loro personale purificazione e santificazione, ma anche per il bene della Chiesa e della tribolata umanità. Questo, amati figlioli, vi dice oggi il Papa pregando per voi."

Agli sposi

"Un momento di particolare e affettuosa attenzione desidero poi dedicare agli sposi qui presenti. Grazie per essere venuti dal Papa: è un segno di fede, e la fede accompagni sempre voi e le vostre famiglie; perché la fede è presenza di Dio, e Dio è la fonte della gioia, dell’amore e soprattutto di quelle virtù che rendono e renderanno sempre salda, sicura, serena la vostra unione."